Permeabilized Fiber System – Microscope Mountable

The 1400A Permeabilized Fiber Systems are designed to enhance experimental throughput and simplify complex permeabilized fiber experiments. They provide accurate measurements of fiber properties across a broad range of applications and tests. Performing a force-pCa experiment is a breeze with our automatically indexing bath plate. Pre-program calcium concentrations and activation/relaxation sequences and let the 1400A system do the rest.

Included is temperature controlled apparatus which includes XYZ micrometer stages with built-in mounts for our high-speed length controllers and force transducers. The bath controller features exclusive software with a programmable motion control sequencer for automated bath transfer of the fiber being studied. Also included are a high-speed length controller, precision force transducer, data acquisition hardware and our unique real-time Linux control and analysis software.

Our dedicated software includes a library of experimental protocols, simplifying the process and allowing easy measurement of both force and length. When combined with our optional HVSL sarcomere length measurement system the researcher can control and measure length, force, and sarcomere length. These advanced features allow researchers to completely characterize permeabilized fibers performing all of the standard tests including force-pCa, kTr, length-tension, force-velocity and stiffness.

The Aurora Scientific permeabilized fiber test system is manufactured using corrosion resistant materials and can easily mount on an inverted microscope for basic observation or more sophisticated imaging.

  • streamlined and efficient system to test single, permeabilized fibers
  • temperature controlled 8-well bath plate
  • real-time Linux software with revolutionary automatic indexing
  • resolution as low as 0.01µN
  • control and measure force, length and sarcomere spacing
  • measure force-pCA, kTR, stiffness, length-tension and force velocity relationships

  • force ranges from 0.5 mN to 100mN


1405A Permeabilized/Intact Fiber System Variant:
All the features of our standard 1400A Permeabilized Fiber System with the addition of a large bath for measuring intact fibers. Baths 7 and 8 are combined to form a large intact bath which comes complete with: Platinum stimulation electrodes and perfusion fittings. Test both permeabilized and intact fibers with the same apparatus.

1410A Permeabilized Fiber Temperature Jump System Variant:
Allows independent temperature control of baths. Bath 1 and 2 are controlled by one 825B TEC controller while baths 3 through 8 are controlled by a second 825B. This allows the researcher to perform temperature jump experimental protocols.

1415A Permeabilized Fiber ATPase System Variant:
The ATPase apparatus was designed to enable physiology researchers to measure consumption of ATP along with contractile force and length changes of permeabilized fibers. This includes an add-on ATPase cuvette that is used to measure ATP consumption. The ATPase cuvette includes optics to excite the fluorophores in solution with UV light (970A) and to quantify the absorbed light signal from the bath using a photodetector (971A).

Stories of Success

1400A – Durable System Helps Researcher Study Thousands of Fibers


In 2004, Dr. Hans Degens was studying changes in skeletal muscle function and morphology.  Dr. Degens was looking to use permeabilized fibers as his test samples as they represent a pure system for studying cross bridge mechanics without bias and artifacts.  Dr. Degens was familiar with the experimental methodology of using skinned fibers but lacked the resources to build a system from scratch that could handle the higher throughput demands of testing human samples.


Aurora Scientific had recently released the 1400A system. This system featured an automatically indexing chamber enabling maximization of fiber throughput. The design also eliminated any manual bath movement, commonly found in designs at the time, thereby protecting the sensitive transducer from breakage.  Dr. Degens’ system was also the first to feature peltier driven temperature control allowing for extremely stable and precise bath temperatures, critical to these measurements.  The powerful 600A digital controller has allowed for nearly every experimental protocol conceived to be executed by the instruments themselves.


The system has been in nearly constant use in Dr. Degens’ lab for the last 11 years and has helped him collect data required for many influential and fascinating studies in exercise physiology, comparative biology and cardiovascular health, amongst countless others.  This initial partnership with Aurora Scientific has led to other projects in whole muscle physiology as well.

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System Components

315D/322D: High-Speed Length Controllers

315D/322D: High-Speed Length Controllers

The 315D/322D High-Speed Length Controllers give physiologists the ability to control and measure length of single cells, fibers and whole muscle with ease.

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400C: Force Transducers

400C: Force Transducers

The 400C series of force transducers is the next generation of our widely used 400A and 400B series. The 400C series enables contractile measurements from a variety of muscle types and sizes and are designed to meet the needs of muscle researchers.

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600A: Real-Time Muscle Data Acquisition and Analysis System

600A: Real-Time Muscle Data Acquisition and Analysis System

The 600A Digital Controller serves to integrate components and provide the researcher control of system operations, data collection and signal analysis.

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802D: Permeabilized Fiber Apparatus – Microscope Mountable

802D: Permeabilized Fiber Apparatus – Microscope Mountable

A multi-well automated test system for quick and accurate measurement of permeabilized fiber dynamics

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804A: Permeabilized Fiber ATPase Apparatus

804A: Permeabilized Fiber ATPase Apparatus

The 804A ATPase apparatus was designed to enable physiology researchers to measure consumption of ATP along with contractile force and length changes of permeabilized fibers. The 804A works in conjunction with an Aurora Scientific model 315D or 322D high-speed length controller and an Aurora 400C series force transducer.

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901D: High-Speed Video Sarcomere Length

901D: High-Speed Video Sarcomere Length

A simple, turn-key system for measuring sarcomere spacing in isolated muscle preparations.

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701C: Electrical Stimulator

701C: Electrical Stimulator

Our high-powered, bi-phase stimulator designed for muscle researchers conducting the most demanding field stimulation protocols.

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608C-LCD Monitor

608C: LCD Monitor

A 22” widescreen LCD monitor providing high quality visualization of data collection

Interested in the 1400A: Permeabilized Fiber System?
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Parts & Accessories

Model # 1400A
901D The High-Speed Video Sarcomere Length (HVSL) system provides high-speed, accurate sarcomere length measurement from a live video image. Our 901D HVSL system uses a high-resolution, USB 3.0 camera to provide full-frame images (1280×1024) at up to 300 frames per second. This frame rate increases to 3,000 frames per second when the camera is windowed down to 16 pixel lines. Image capture and sarcomere length data can be controlled by our 600A Digital Controller software which runs on a real-time Linux operating system.
902A Simple laser diffraction instrument consisting of a laser diode assembly and a SL target assembly. The laser diode mounts to a microscope port via a C-mount adapter (not provided). The SL target assembly mounts to the apparatus. The laser shines through an empty objective port on the microscope turret and passes through the tissue. The sarcomeres in the tissue diffract the laser and form a diffraction pattern on the SL target thus indicating the Sarcomere Length. The desired spacing is set visually and no recording is made.
830A Half-rack adapter that allows half-rack instruments to be mounted in standard 19” racking. Works with models: 315D/322D, 400C series, 701C and 825B.
831A Heavy gauge, steel desktop or shelf-top rack, with standard 19” width for any Aurora Scientific Instruments. Available in various heights. (6U high for 1200A and 1300A, 5U high for 1400A, 1500A and 1600A systems).